How Tiny Robot Fibres Could Make Surgery Safer and More Precise

Jan 29, 2024, 13:53 PM by Arnaud Legrand

The development of tiny robotic fibres, dubbed "Fiberbots," represents a notable shift in how minimally invasive surgeries might be conducted. Led by Dr Temelkuran and his research team, and funded by the Centre, this innovation aims at enhancing the precision and safety of surgeries, particularly those involving cancer.

The Challenge with Cancer Surgeries

One of the main hurdles in cancer surgery is the delicate balance between removing all of the cancerous tissue and conserving as much healthy tissue as possible. Traditional methods, although effective to a degree, sometimes fail to remove all cancer cells or unnecessarily remove too much healthy tissue. This issue becomes even more critical during operations that demand high precision, such as those near vital organs.


The solution: the Fiberbot

The Fiberbot, a slender, flexible robotic fibre, introduces a solution to this problem through its ability to move with remarkable accuracy, thanks to a special heating mechanism. This innovation could potentially transform surgical practices by allowing for an unprecedented level of precision. The process used to make these Fiberbots enables their production on a large scale, suggesting they could become widely available for hospital use.

A particularly significant feature of the Fiberbot is its capability to closely examine tissues during surgery, aiding surgeons in identifying and removing cancerous tissues with great precision. This functionality was successfully demonstrated in animal surgeries, highlighting the potential benefits of such technology in preserving healthy tissue.


The Impact on Surgery

The advent of Fiberbots in surgical procedures suggests a substantial improvement in how surgeries are performed. By integrating these robotic fibres with diagnostic capabilities, surgeons could operate with greater confidence, ensuring that only the necessary tissue is removed.

The simplicity behind the Fiberbot’s design and its compatibility with mass production suggest it could soon play a common role in surgical settings. Designed to complement existing surgical instruments, it could be readily integrated into various surgical procedures.


The introduction of Fiberbots into the surgical field could mark a significant step towards less invasive and more effective treatments for cancer and other conditions. This multifunctional approach has the potential to streamline surgical procedures, leading to better outcomes for patients with fewer complications.

The development of the Fiberbot serves as an example of how innovative thinking and collaboration in the scientific community can lead to practical solutions that enhance medical treatments.


Fiberbots: Robotic fibers for high-precision minimally invasive surgerySci Adv. 2024 Jan 19;10(3):eadj1984. 

Mohamed E.M.K. Abdelaziz, Jinshi Zhao, Bruno Gil Rosa, Hyun-Taek Lee, Daniel Simon, Khushi Vyas, Bing Li, Hanifa Koguna, Yue Li, Ali Anil Demircali, Huseyin Uvet, Gulsum Gencoglan, Arzu Akcay, Mohamed Elriedy, James Kinross, Ranan Dasgupta, Zoltan Takats, Eric Yeatman, Guang-Zhong Yang, Burak Temelkuran